Is Macron’s accusation justified?

THE CLIMATE PEN. This is the wide angle of Emmanuel Macron’s attack on Marine Le Pen in the interval between the presidential elections. Is the candidate RN really “climatosceptic”? Response Elements …

[Mis à jour le 20 avril 2022 à 22h32] Is Marine le Pen a climate skeptic? This accusation by Emmanuel Macron against his rival in the second round of the presidential elections has marked the minds since the meeting in Marseille on Saturday 16 April, during which the president-candidate tried to endorse the idea of ​​”ecological design” dear to Jean -Luc Melenchon. “Even incompetent, she is climate skeptical,” even mocked the outgoing president in front of his supporters, pointing to the emptiness of Marine Le Pen’s climate program.

During the debate between the two rounds this Wednesday, April 20, Marine Le Pen defended herself and insisted on “localism” and “economic patriotism” to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, estimating that 50% of French emissions are linked to imports of foreign products. She also insisted on animal welfare and assured that “it’s not just energy” in the fight against global warming. Emmanuel Macron, for his part, estimated that the Marine Le Pen program had “neither advantage nor tail” with in particular the reduction of taxes on fuels that are also imported. Something to which Marine Le Pen replied that she was a “climate hypocrite” on her part and had, since the Dutch years, destabilized the nuclear industry.

What Marine Le Pen says: Marine Le Pen reacted very quickly to Emmanuel Macron’s first allegations in mid-April, particularly about France 3 where she assured that she has never doubted climate change, its causes and effects, which are specific to climate skeptics. “I have never been a climatosceptic. I have a project that, in fact, takes into account the environment, takes into account ecology”, defended the candidate RN in particular.

What you need to know: As recalled by TF1 on its websiteHowever, Marine Le Pen has had more “skeptical” observations in the past on global warming. In 2017 in particular, in the comments taken up by the AFP, you considered the “debates” on the very existence of climate change “useful”, believing that the fight for the climate should not turn into “religion”. These comments were made after a speech to the media Reporterwith these exact words: “I am not a climate scientist, I think that human activity contributes to it, in proportions that I cannot measure. Climate change is not a religion, it helps that there are debates”.

“I’m not sure if human activity is the main cause of this phenomenon. […]. The IPCC is the consensus of those who have the floor. They are the priests and bishops of climate change. Those who say the opposite are the heretics … “(Marine Le Pen in TerraEco in 2012)

In 2012, however, Marine Le Pen sharply downplayed the role of man in global warming, in an interview to Terra Eco. “I’m not sure if human activity is the main source of this phenomenon,” reads the site’s archives since he disappeared. Marine Le Pen also assured that “it is not the work of the IPCC that can establish with certainty that man is the cause of climate change”. “The IPCC is the consensus of those who have the word. They are the priests and bishops of climate change. Those who say the opposite are the heretics …”, she said again.

In 2022 priority for the end of wind turbines

Obviously, the water has gone under the bridge in ten years. In Marine Le Pen’s program, global warming is not discussed today, although it is clearly not a priority. In his profession of faith (to download here), no direct mention is made of climate or energy, but of the protection of animals with the fight “against animal abuse, in particular by prohibiting slaughter without stunning”.

In the 22 key measures presented on its website this time, Marine Le Pen does not yet directly mention the climate, but shows in 12th position “Guaranteeing our energy independence to lower the French bill”. In this chapter he intends to “return to families the 5 billion subsidies paid in particular to wind turbines, stop wind projects and gradually dismantle existing parks, revive the nuclear and hydroelectric sector and invest in the hydrogen sector”, but also “get out from the European electricity market to regain decent prices “.

“We will declare a moratorium on wind and solar power; for wind we will start the gradual dismantling of sites […]”(Marine Le Pen program)

The fight against wind power is also among the priorities of his even more detailed “booklet for ecology” (to download here). In this document, Marine Le Pen says she wants to ensure “the transition to a low-carbon autonomous energy economy”. “France will respond to the commitments of the Paris Agreement, with the means you have chosen, at the pace and according to the stages you have decided”, she warns. Then his credo returns: “We will proclaim a moratorium on wind and solar power; for wind power we will launch the progressive dismantling of sites, starting with those that are reaching the end of their life cycle. All subsidies dedicated to the promotion of these processes will be suspended, and the energy produced will be purchased at market price “, he said immediately.

Marine Le Pen favors other renewable energies, “hydroelectric and geothermal energy” and “the relaunch of nuclear power” with the start of construction of 4th generation reactors and micro-stations. A point that brings her closer to Emmanuel Macron, who is also pro-nuclear. The hydrogen sector is also mentioned “with the aim of lowering the price of electricity for households and industry”.

Biodiversity and animal protection

The “biodiversity” side appears in 2nd place in this booklet for ecology with a chapter entitled “Restoring biodiversity, reviving life”. Marine Le Pen believes that “in the absence of relevant biodiversity criteria, our policy will depend on the evolution of populations of control species in the places where they live.”

The protection of animals (domestic and breeding) is the subject of an entire “booklet” (read here), which can finally be summarized in its three main proposals: “1. Grant constitutional recognition to animals; 2. Create a new civil status for animals; 3. Strengthen sanctions for crimes against animals”.

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