What place do women occupy in the world of entrepreneurship and business?

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What place do women occupy in the world of entrepreneurship and business?

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On the occasion of International Women’s Day, URSSAF he wanted to share a statistical collection that highlights the place of women “in the French economic fabric”.

The collection collects statistical data from the social declarations sent to the URSSAF. This information allows him to write the report on the share of women and their average earnings in self-employment, private sector enterprises (outside the agricultural sector) and private employers.

Women among the traditional self-employed

The URSSAF notes that 37.1% of traditional self-employed workers are women: they were 695,529 at the end of 2020. Among them, 7% also have a paid activity in the private sector. They are on average 46 years old in 2020, compared to 49 years for men.

In 2019 they mainly focused on:

  • In the paramedical and obstetric professions (71.9%);
  • In hairdressing and body care activities (83.3%);
  • And in other health services (69.4%).

The average income declared by these women was € 36,360 in 2019 compared to € 46,791 for men.

Women among the self-employed

Of the self-employed, 42% are women: they were 561,490 at the end of 2020. Among them, 22.9% also have a paid activity in the private sector. On average, women and men are 42 years old in 2020. Women are in the majority:

  • In the health sector (81.7%);
  • In the hairdressing and body care sector (93.5%);
  • And in other personal services (69.4%).

Their average annual income is € 4,733, compared to € 6,061 for men. These income gaps are partly explained by the nature of the activities in which it is invested: they are in fact over-represented in the less profitable sectors (hairdressing and body care; health and other personal services).

Women among private sector employees

Women represent 44% of salaried employees in the private sector (excluding the agricultural sector).

They represent :

  • 42.5% of permanent employees;
  • 57.4% of employees with short-term fixed-term contracts;
  • 51.9% of employees with long-term fixed-term contracts.

Their average gross monthly salary is € 2,765 compared to € 3,264 for men.

Women employed in the private sector are concentrated in the following sectors:

  • Social action and socio-medical accommodation (78%);
  • Human health activities (78%);
  • Public administration (76%).

Women in the home work sector

In the home work sector, women represent in 2021:

  • 96.5% among home childcare service providers;
  • 99.4% of childcare assistants;
  • 82.1% among other home workers (mainly with daily maintenance and housework around the house; help and care for the elderly; or family work).

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